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The distribution, abundance and community structure of marine birds in southern Drake Passage and Bransfield Strait, Antarctica

first_imgWe studied the distribution and abundance of marine birds in Bransfield Strait and southern Drake Passage during January and February 1985. We identified clusters of bird species, “communities” with similar distributions, and examined the extent to which the distributions of these seabird communities reflected the underlying physical oceanography of the region. Based on temperature, salinity and silicon data, we identified 11 water masses which resulted from varying degrees of mixing of water from the Pacific Basin, the Bellingshausen Sea, the Weddell Sea and terrestrial runoff. Seabird species assemblages were associated with contiguous clusters of water masses, suggesting a response by the birds to apparently subtle differences in their marine habitat.last_img

Adjunct Faculty – Pharmacy – (ADJ000344)

first_imgThe University of Houston College of Pharmacy invites qualifiedapplicants to apply for a part-time Adjunct Faculty position in theDepartment of Pharmacy Practice and Translational Research. We areseeking outstanding individuals with a desire to train our studentsand advance our profession. The successful candidate will beinvolved in providing leadership, supervision and instruction toour PharmD and graduate students and post-doctoral fellows andresidents. The University of Houston, with one of the most diversestudent bodies in the nation, seeks to recruit and retain a diversecommunity of scholars. The chosen applicant will operate under thesupervision of College of Pharmacy faculty.The Department of Pharmacy Practice and Translational Research ismade up of 31 full-time faculty members. The vision of thedepartment is to be a leader in pharmacy and postgraduate educationthrough excellence in translational, clinical and outcomesresearch. The department has taken a lead to develop a newcurriculum for our professional pharmacy program. This will be akey position to help execute our new world-class, highlyintegrated, hands-on, applied curriculum.The University of Houston is an Equal Opportunity/AffirmativeAction institution. Additionally, the University prohibitsdiscrimination in employment on the basis of sexual orientation,gender identity or gender expression. Minorities, women, veteransand persons with disabilities and a history of and commitment tomentoring students from underrepresented minority groups areencouraged to apply.Qualifications :Applicants must hold a Pharm.D. degree or equivalentexperience.Notes to Applicant: Official transcripts are required for afaculty appointment and will be requested upon selection of thefinal candidate. All positions at the university are securitysensitive and will require a criminal history check.last_img read more

Speech: Speech: A world beyond Europe, a time beyond Brexit

first_imgIt’s a pleasure to be here this morning at the Royal Portbury Dock.As MP for North Somerset, as well as Secretary of State for International Trade, it’s fair to say I have a significant interest in the success of a venture that supports more than 500 jobs in my constituency.And I can’t help but notice that business is booming.At the time of the referendum, we were told that just voting to leave the EU would cause such an economic shock that we’d lose half a million jobs, our investors would desert us, and we would require an emergency budget to deal with the ensuing fiscal imbalance.What’s happened since? We’ve added over 700,000 jobs to the economy, with more people finding work than at any time in the past 40 years.This upward trajectory shows no signs of slowing. Indeed, the OBR has calculated that we can add another 800,000 jobs without creating inflationary pressure, because there’s still slack in the economy.In 2017 we saw total UK exports rise by 10.9% compared with 2016.And what did we sell? We sold almost £50 billion worth of mechanical machinery, £41 billion worth of motor vehicles, £16 billion worth of aircraft and £14 billion worth of medical equipment.And, as I have to mention on St Andrew’s Day, some £4.3 billion of Scotch Whisky.So much for Britain not making anything anymore. And that’s before we even consider our world-leading services sector.Clearly, the vote to leave the European Union has not had the catastrophic effect on our economy that was predicted. Quite the reverse.Now is the time to raise our sights, and acknowledge that there is a world beyond Europe, and a time Beyond Brexit.My Department for International Trade exists to look to this world, and plan for that time. Perhaps more than any other part of government, we are mandated to look beyond the process of leaving the EU and to prepare for the open, global future that lies ahead.The referendum settled the question of our departure from the European Union and our manifesto made clear that we will leave the Customs Union and the Single Market as we do so.The IMF has predicted that 90% of global growth in the next 5 years will originate outside the EU. So the question is, where do we, as a nation, position ourselves to take advantage of the opportunities that this growth will produce.Future relationship with the EUThe government has made clear that we want to take a balanced approach to the question of our future trading prospects. We need to maximise our access to the EU market but without damaging our potential to benefit from emerging trade opportunities in other parts of the world.The 27 nations of the European Union constitute some of our largest trading partners. As a whole, some 44% of this country’s exports of goods and services still go to the EU, although that proportion has been declining over the past decade or so.The withdrawal agreement, and the political declaration on the future relationship, have put us on the verge of securing a deal with the European Union.It is a deal that delivers on the result of the referendum, ending vast payments to Brussels, and giving the UK control over our own borders for the first time in a generation.Of course, the end of free movement does not mean the end of immigration. The UK is always open to those who want to work hard and build a life here. But now, we can offer a level playing field, ensuring that we can admit the people we need to meet business demand, wherever they come from – so it won’t matter if you were born in Marseilles, Memphis or Mumbai. The key difference is that we will set the rules according to what we believe is best for our own country.Above all else, the withdrawal agreement and the political declaration provide the stability and certainty that businesses crave, as well as a firm foundation on which to continue to operate across the EU.The political declaration proposes the creation of a free trade area for goods, combining deep regulatory and customs co-operation with no tariffs, no fees, charges or quantitative restrictions across all goods sectors.This would be the first such agreement between an advanced economy and the EU, a recognition of the unique position of the UK and our economy to those of our European partners.Ambitious arrangements have been made in the political declaration for services and investment, arrangements that go well beyond WTO commitments and build on recent EU FTAs.And an arrangement on financial services, grounded in the economic partnership, provides greater cooperation and consultation than is possible under existing third country frameworks.But we have also been clear that our future relationship with the EU would recognise the development of an independent UK trade policy and not tie our hands when it comes to global opportunities.We have set out an approach which means the UK would be able to set its own trade policy with the rest of the world, including setting our own tariffs, implementing our own trade remedies, and taking up our independent seat at the World Trade Organization.FTA ConsultationsPerhaps most importantly, during the implementation period, my department will have the freedom to negotiate, sign and ratify new trade agreements..The Withdrawal Agreement means that, from the 29th of March next year, we can begun to build closer commercial relationships with our closest allies, such as the US, New Zealand and Australia, as well as laying the groundwork for improved market access for UK companies to key global growth economies.As some of you may know, we recently carried out extensive public consultations on our future FTAs with those three nations, as well as on the UK’s potential accession to the Trans-Pacific Partnership – known as CPTPP.Leaders across these nations have been clear in their endorsement of future trade agreements with the UK.As Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan put it, we would “be welcomed with open arms”. Far from being isolated, Britain will be an ‘in-demand’ trading partner.Over 14 weeks, we asked businesses, organisations and individuals to tell us what they needed from these FTAs, and how the Department for International Trade can help them to thrive internationally.The response rate was phenomenal, far exceeding all expectations.Above all, the exercise demonstrated the interest that exists in the shape of the UK’s future trade policy, right across the country.How do we take advantage of this groundswell of interest and engagement from businesses and individuals?The answer is to harness that enthusiasm to boost exports and attract investment to this country. Clearly, businesses the length and breadth of Britain are eager to move into new markets overseas.If we want Britain to become a global exporting superpower, all we have to do is unlock that potential.Even before we get to new trade opportunities afforded by new trade agreements there are still considerable export opportunities for British businesses to exploit in existing markets. We still have ground to make up on our international competitors in many of these countries.Export StrategyOur new Export Strategy, published in August, is an important first step to doing just that.I won’t exhaust you with the detail. But suffice to say that the Export Strategy represents one of the most comprehensive export packages offered to businesses anywhere in the world, designed to inform, connect, encourage and finance exporting opportunities for businesses of all sizes.There are currently over 24,000 live export and investment opportunities on our website. Put simply, the world wants what Britain is selling. Businesses large and small can find these real-time opportunities at great.gov.uk.Royal Portbury DockAnd the Royal Portbury Dock where we now stand is a perfect example of the dynamic, global outlook that hundreds of thousands of British businesses have already embraced.In 1991 the dock was owned and managed by Bristol Council, and it was regarded as a ‘white elephant’.Since the port was privatised almost 30 years ago and reborn as the Bristol Port Company, over £500 million has been invested to turn this into one of the most capable and advanced ports in the United Kingdom.Each year, the Bristol Port Company handles some 750,000 motor vehicles, 27% of UK aviation fuel imports, 10% of coal imports, and more than 6 million tons of bulk dry goods.In all, the work done here at Portbury, and at Avonmouth, contributes over £1 billion to the British economy. Now that is something to be proud of.Integrated imports and exportsThis port, and dozens like it across the UK, shows that the UK’s global commercial footprint is not just about what we sell overseas, but also what we import into this country.It is crucial in ensuring that competition provides consumers with greater choice and at affordable prices.But in a highly integrated economy it would also be wrong to ignore the huge and necessary role that imports play in the production of goods and services for export – some 23% of all UK exports have some added value or component that originated as an import.Less than half of this value added originates in EU countries. And it shows how the United Kingdom is already closely linked to global value chains, that extend far beyond the boundaries of Europe.In the long-term, a global future for an economy as large, diverse and interconnected as ours was inevitable. Our departure from the EU, combining an open, comprehensive trade relationship there, with the possibility of creating new trading relationships elsewhere is the next phase of that journey.WTO/The changing world of tradeInternationally, of course, a wholesale revolution in the patterns of trade has already arrived. The tectonic plates of global commerce are shifting under our feet. Our future FTAs are hugely important – not least because they are strategic as well as economic tools – but in the long run, it is not what we do unilaterally, or even bilaterally, that will make the biggest difference.Instead, it is working to update and improve the rules-based international system that governs global trade.How the multilateral trading environment develops will almost certainly be the most crucial determinant of the degree of trade liberalisation that will occur and consequently the scale of future opportunities.This is an area in which the UK will play a pivotal role. The world’s fifth-largest economy taking its seat at the WTO, as a powerful and unabashed defender of free trade, will be a key moment for the United Kingdom. It is one of the most important, if seldom mentioned, aspects of Brexit.With 164 full members, the WTO is the home of the rules-based international system, and the crucible of free and fair global trade.Yet even they will admit that their current rules are in need of updating.The fundamental framework of the WTO’s rules has not changed substantially since 1995. A time before the widespread use of business email. A time before internet banking. A time before data became a valuable traded commodity, like cars and steel.Consider this: back in 1995, if I asked you whether the digital code that I have sold you on the internet to make something on your 3D printer counts as a good or a service, you wouldn’t even begin to understand the question, let alone be able to answer it!This is an example of how the real economy has moved and outgrown the rules and regulations that still attempt to govern it.It’s not just the architecture of the WTO itself that needs reform, but also the regulatory framework, which must be flexible enough to move with the new realities of the global economy, updating itself in real time.The Prime Minister acknowledged this recently in a speech at the Guildhall when she observed that goods as a proportion of UK and global commerce are declining.This will be a priority as she attends the G20 in Argentina, where she will hold trade talks with world leaders including Argentinian President Macri. The leaders are expected to agree the first ever UK Trade Envoy for the country.And as the proportion of trade in goods declines, the digital and knowledge economy are racing ahead, as new products and services emerge from the disruption that technology has left in its wake.The future of world trade has already arrived, and the United Kingdom is ideally prepared to realise all the opportunities of the digital age and embrace the possibilities of communications technology as a commercial tool.To take just one example, a higher proportion of retail spending takes place online in the UK than anywhere else on earth. More than China or the USA. More than South Korea. More than Japan.Recent research by PayPal found that in the 12 months to July, 1 in 7 online shoppers globally had bought goods from the UK – more than any other European country.In fact., overall, they found that the UK was the third most popular country in the world from which to buy goods online, behind only the US and China.There are few countries that are as prepared for the coming digital economic revolution as the United Kingdom.The world’s investors already know this – last year, the UK tech sector attracted more venture capital investment than Sweden, France and Germany combined.The simple fact is that this country is already a genuine world-leader in fields from artificial intelligence, to digital and data trade, to e-commerce and FinTech.In the knowledge economy, Britain’s shelves are already stacked with what the world wants to buy.This is not to say that we are falling behind in goods. On the contrary, those same factors that have made us a global powerhouse of the digital economy have enabled us to retain the cutting-edge of advanced manufacturing.For example, 17% of all the aerospace products sold in the entire world come from the United Kingdom.Nearly half of the world’s planes are flying on wings that have been designed, engineered or assembled within just a few miles of where we are today, either in Filton or across the water in Wales.And how do these wings reach their customers in every corner of the world? They are shipped on specialised ferries from right here in the Royal Portbury Dock.The world beyond Europe, and the future beyond Brexit, starts right here.And if you want to know if the world has confidence in this new Global Britain, then look at our investment record and see where global investors are choosing to put their money.According to UNCTAD, in the first 6 months of 2018 the UK was second only to China in terms of FDI, ahead of the United States and data published by Ernst and Young showed that all parts of the UK and all England regions are benefiting with around 50,000 jobs created as a result.In the 19th Century, Britain became the world’s first free-trading nation. In the 20th century, we helped to design and create the architecture of global trade.And in the 21st, we will help reshape the rules-based international system through our independent trade policy.Today I can announce that in April, when we become an independent trading nation once more, I will push for three key things:Firstly, the UK will aim to revolutionise the rulebook on digital trade. The existing framework of international trade is vitally important to the functioning of the global economy. Yet, as we have seen, all too often its rules are outdated and unfit for purpose, acting as a brake on the digital economy.There are too many innovative, rapidly growing companies who find it too difficult to operate overseas because of ridiculous barriers like unjustified server localisation requirements.Our ambition is to negotiate agreements that go further on digital trade than ever before.To join those agreements, such as the CPTPP, which take digital seriously.And to work in coalition with other like-minded countries to drive reform on digital services at the WTO.Secondly, we will put services at the heart of our trade policy.The mass liberalisation that has reduced barriers on global goods trade, has never been mirrored for services. Yet the UK is an 80% services economy and has huge comparative advantage across the service sectors, from accountancy and legal, to science, research and development.Services are a huge part of our present, and will be a larger part of our future, and we must play to our strengths, creating partnerships with countries around the world who want what we have to offer.This is our commitment to the British SMEs of today, so that they can become the digital giants of the future.And thirdly, we will continue to fight trade protectionism and improve international economic co-operation.This is not something that Britain will be doing alone. As the political declaration with the EU says, our unique relationship with the EU 27 will ensure that we can work together to improve global trade, while continuing to develop and operate our own independent trade policy.But our steadfast commitment to the philosophy and practice of free trade is an irreducible element of what we believe and who we are.The withdrawal agreement and the political declaration will not please everyone, and we have had some tough choices to make. Choices which many in Parliament, on both sides of the House, are yet to face up to.But the deal we’ve reached will give us a firm and stable base on which to leave the EU and build this country’s global future, a future that still encompasses Europe, of course, but also the wide fast-growing markets beyond, with all the opportunity that entails.We will maximise our post-Brexit opportunities by helping British businesses take advantage of the considerable untapped potential of existing markets.We will use our independent trade policy to negotiate new trade agreements and we will use our ability to act independently at the WTO to shape the global trade environment of the future, defending the open, free and fair trade that is crucial to the elimination of poverty, the nurturing of stability and the building block of our collective security.We are well prepared for the future of world trade. We are embracing all the possibilities of the digital economy.No other country has the same combination of fundamental strengths that will allow us to thrive in an age where knowledge and expertise are the instigators of success. Our recent export and investment performance show that sceptics have been wrong. Britain is flourishing.The divisions of the referendum need to be consigned to the past. Now is the time to set aside our differences, and lead our country to a future of freedom, success, and prosperity.In politics we cannot always have the luxury of doing what we want for ourselves, but we have an abiding duty to do what is right for our country. read more

New offense brings balanced approach

first_imgTara Steinbauer (4) and Rae Lin D\’Alie (11) have helped UW balance its new offense.[/media-credit]In basketball, balanced scoring has become somewhat of a lost art.Today’s NBA teams, for the most part, are centered on the individual production of their stars. If LeBron James or Kobe Bryant has a poor offensive performance, the Cavs and Lakers can expect to have trouble winning.Even in college basketball, where offenses are much more team-oriented through the use of set schemes and plays, balance gives way to individual scoring.However, the 2009 Wisconsin women’s basketball team (6-1) seems determined to buck the trend of unbalanced scoring. Through the team’s first seven games, six Badgers have had at least two double-digit scoring games.Junior guard Alyssa Karel, last year’s leading scorer, still leads the way with six games of 10 points or more to complement her team-leading average of 14 points per game. While Karel’s average is almost two points higher than last year’s, the team as a whole is averaging 64.3 points per game, up from 56.6 last season.“I think every single person on this team is very capable of scoring,” Karel said. “You can see us all — we’re working outside of practice, getting our shots up, putting in extra work. When you put in extra work, you earn the right to shoot and score. I think our offense is very dynamic in that it gets open shots for a lot of different people.”While statistics never tell the complete story, they do greatly aid in defining a team’s style of play.All five of this year’s starters are exceeding their scoring averages from last year. Junior forward Tara Steinbauer, already one of Wisconsin’s best offensive post players, has seen a big surge in scoring, from 7.3 to 8.7 points per game this year.“I definitely worked on this summer trying to become more versatile as a forward,” Steinbauer said. “I know a lot of people think of me as a down-low post player, but I’ve definitely been working on my shot.”Despite returning 10 of 11 players from last year’s squad, UW head coach Lisa Stone opted to implement a new offensive system in the offseason.Known as a four-out, one-in offense, the scheme is guard-friendly, which surely appeals to the Badgers’ 10-guard roster. The offense relies more on the reads players make on the court and emphasizes a screen-and-cut style of play.“I think a lot of it has to do with that,” senior guard Rae Lin D’Alie said of the team’s new offense and its balanced scoring. “Coach put it in and then she explained our roles as individuals, but how our roles are going to help the team.“We understand who needs to be taking shots at certain points in the game, but as far as flow goes, it’s kind of like if you’re open, you go ahead, that’s within the offense. I think we understand that as a group really well.”“It really opens things up for us and gives us more freedom and versatility to kind of play the motion in the offense that we would ideally like to play,” Steinbauer added. “There’s more opportunity to screen and slip. We’re doing a really good job, I think, this year, of looking inside. … We’ve done a really good job of getting it inside and going back to our guards.”For the Badgers this season, balanced scoring has been essential to winning games.In addition to scoring nearly eight more points per game this season, Wisconsin has been impressively efficient from the field. After seven games, UW has converted 43 percent of its field goals, a figure that looks even more outstanding next to the 35 percent that its opponents are hitting.“You look at the balance, and it’s been pretty consistent. … I like to see that,” Stone said. “It’s been different people; it’s not always the same folks. We relied a lot on Alyssa Karel to do a majority of our scoring for us last year, and she’s still putting up big numbers.“I like to see the fact that we’re getting some scoring from different areas — off the bench, inside, outside. That’s nice to be able to hang your hat on because we’re going to have to be less one-dimensional and more team-dimensional when it comes to scoring throughout the season.”Moving forward, Stone’s squad will certainly need to work to maintain its offensive balance.With Big Ten play beginning Dec. 6 on the road against conference favorite Ohio State, Wisconsin will be looking to maintain its high field goal percentage and scoring output. Last year, the Badgers saw both of those figures decrease in conference play, as well as 3-point shooting percentage.“It’s everything,” D’Alie said of maintaining the balanced offense. “Once you start hitting Big Ten season, everything tightens up. The opponents that you’re going against, they know you inside and out.“So it’s important to keep that attacking balance because once you’re able to stop one or two players on a team, then it kind of down spirals. We’re going to really concentrate this year on not allowing that to happen and really attack with balance.”As the leading scorer and offensive sparkplug, Karel echoed D’Alie’s sentiments of the vitality of the offensive balance.“We don’t have a ton of size, we’re not overly quick, so that’s the thing we all have to work hard on,” Karel said. “Everyone on the team has to do it, so it’s going to come from a lot of different angles, especially getting into the Big Ten season.”last_img read more