During the fall, add organic matter such as composted grassclippings, manure and leaves to the garden. Bury the organicmatter and debris by turning the land. Then plant a cover cropfor the winter.This will help to prevent any soil erosion and can build up thesoil when you turn the cover crop under in the spring. A grainsuch as rye or wheat works well for this. Finally, don’t forget to order your seed catalogs by the end ofthe year and begin planning next year’s garden. Getting your seedordered early in the year will better your chances of getting thevarieties you want.Do these things and your garden will have a cozy winter nap. Anddon’t fret. Spring will be here before you know it. And yourgarden will awake refreshed and ready for those summer veggiesonce again.(Terry Kelley is an Extension Service horticulturist with theUniversity of Georgia College of Agricultural and EnvironmentalSciences) Clear and cleanOnce all the obstacles are out of the garden, run a rotary moweracross the garden to chop up any plant debris that remains. Thisallows this debris to dry down faster and keeps weeds from goingto seed before frost. Applying a burn-down herbicide after mowingis even better. By William Terry KelleyUniversity ofGeorgiaYou’ve harvested the last of the summer veggies, and you’re readyto hang up your hoe and spade for the winter. But don’t abandonthe garden spot before the job is finished. Gardens need to beput to bed for the winter.Some fall maintenance will help you avoid several problems nextspring.The end of the season is the best time to make good notes aboutthe past season before you forget. Take note of the varietiesthat performed particularly well or not so well. Make a map ofgarden areas that had problem weeds. Identify the weeds if youcan. Note any areas that stayed wet or didn’t produce well.This is an ideal time to take a sample for nematodes, too. Thehighest populations are while the weather is still hot and plantsare still growing.Take noteMark your calendar to take a soil test within the next couple ofmonths so you’ll have time to apply any needed lime well beforespring planting.Remove any trellises you’ve put up. Store them in a dry place.This will help to preserve the life of the trellis materials.Remove any string or plant debris and knock off any excess soil.If you have an irrigation system in the garden, get it ready forwinter, too. Remove hoses, sprinklers, drip tape, etc. Storethese out of the elements for the winter, too, after removing anyexcess soil or plant debris.Be sure to repair, sharpen and lightly oil garden implementsbefore storage as well.