first_imgCALIFORNIA HORSE RACING BOARD, STRONACH GROUP AGREE TO ENHANCED SAFETY REVIEW OF HORSES AT SANTA ANITA PARKSACRAMENTO – Effective immediately, in response to Governor Gavin Newsom’s direction, the California Horse Racing Board (CHRB), working closely with The Stronach Group (TSG), owner of Santa Anita Park, will implement enhanced safety measures and reviews to further protect horses at Santa Anita.Led by CHRB Equine Medical Director Dr. Rick Arthur, DVM, and Chief Steward Darrel McHargue, a five-member team will provide additional review of horses’ medical, training and racing history. This team consists of independent CHRB veterinarians and stewards, empowered to scratch horses that do not appear fit to run.Specifically, the horse safety review team will utilize a new, comprehensive evaluation rubric to determine if each individual horse is at elevated risk of injury before racing. These criteria will include any history on the Veterinarian’s List and Steward’s List as well as any medical history, race history, and physical observations of the horse.Importantly, under the new protocols, every member of the review team must agree that the horse is not at elevated risk of injury in order to clear a horse to race. One dissenting member of the review team can prevent a horse from racing. TSG management has agreed to then instruct the Racing Secretary, who is currently responsible for deciding if a horse is fit to race, to deny the entry of any such horse and treat the review team’s recommendation as the final word.“This is unprecedented in American horse racing,” said Alexis Podesta, Secretary of the Business, Consumer Services and Housing Agency, which oversees CHRB. “Never have we had this additional layer of review with a team of experts to connect data points and confer on the well-being and capability of individual race horses. Furthermore, recommendations coming from this team will be the final word as to whether or not a horse races. I expect the industry as a whole will embrace this effort.”“These are historic safety enhancements,” said CHRB Executive Director Rick Baedeker. “We are taking these additional steps to further mitigate the risk to horses at Santa Anita. The California Horse Racing Board is committed to doing all we can to ensure the safety of the horses there.”“Horse and rider safety is our top priority at Santa Anita Park, and we remain steadfast in our commitment to making California horse racing the safest and best in the world,” said TSG President and Chairwoman Belinda Stronach. “We look forward to working with Governor Newsom and the California Horse Racing Board as they implement this additional layer of review through the end of our current meet.”The review team will be in place for the final six racing days at Santa Anita.last_img read more

Stags earn another shot

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene Costelo also shone in the final quarter, pouring nine of his 13 points for the Stags, who will clash with third seed Jose Rizal U Heavy Bombers in the next phase of the stepladder semifinals on Friday. The survivor of the duel will go up against second seed San Beda with the winner advancing to the finals against unbeaten Lyceum.“I think we deserve to be in the Final Four,” said Macaraya.The Knights tied the game for the last time at 69 before Costelo hit a teardrop with 44 seconds remaining.“One of our concerns this season is that we don’t have an import and we didn’t have the ceiling,” said Macaraya. “But the team showed heart, the character and desire to win and to reach the Final Four.”ADVERTISEMENT Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Batang Pinoy: Jabol captures long jump, 100-m dash titles just minutes apart Kiss-and-tell matinee idol’s conquests: True stories or tall tales? “I wanted to win it for coach,” said Calisaan in Filipino. “He took me in and gave me a chance despite my accident last year.”The 6-foot-4 Calisaan gave Macaraya a fitting gift for his 56th birthday as he fired a career-best 36 points and grabbed 10 rebounds to power the Stags to a 74-69 victory over the Knights that sent San Sebastian to the next round of the stepladder semifinals of NCAA Season 93.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSFederer blasts lack of communication on Australian Open smog“I told him he had to make the most out of his second life,” said Macaraya, referring to Calisaan, who sustained near-fatal injuries due to a motorcycle accident in his hometown of Sta. Rita, Pampanga. “That accident was the turning point for him.”Calisaan nailed the biggest shot of the Stags’ season so far with a triple off a pass from Ryan Costelo with 18 seconds remaining, sealing the win after a nip-and-tuck final period. Jo Koy: My brain always wants to think funny LATEST STORIES Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set MOST READ Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set As he took the Mall of Asia Arena floor for the do-or-die clash with Letran on coach Egay Macaraya’s birthday, San Sebastian stalwart Michael Calisaan thought about the time when his mentor had not given up on him despite a motorcycle accident more than a year ago that nearly took his life.For Calisaan, there was no better time to repay the faith shown to him by Macaraya over the past year with the Stags’ season on the line and a first Final Four appearance in four years within reach.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

Matt Nieto comes through as Ateneo bags Filoil semis spot

first_imgMatt Nieto’s clutch heroics helped Ateneo advance to the semifinals and eliminate Letran, 74-72, in Filoil Flying V Preseason Cup Thursday at Filoil Flying V Centre.ADVERTISEMENT Nieto took over for the Blue Eagles down the stretch, tying the game at 72 with 17.1 ticks remaining before nailing the game-winning layup 12 seconds after.Ateneo, which just arrived from Greece Wednesday night, stayed unscathed in the pre-season tournament after it also swept the elimination round.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown“We played the kind of defense that we want to do and in the end we were able to come up with stops and execute on the offensive end,” Ateneo assistant coach Sandy Arespacochaga said.The Blue Eagles face the Far Eastern University on Friday in the knockout semis. LATEST STORIES Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Harvey Weinstein rape trial Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Vargas next in line for former world champion Khan Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Bicol riders extend help to Taal evacuees For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Taal victims get help from Kalayaan towncenter_img Christopher Tolkien, son of Lord of the Rings author, dies aged 95 Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Ateneo had a balanced scoring with nine players scoring five points led by Nieto’s nine.JP Calvo led the Knights with 16 markers. Justin Robert Valencia MOST READ In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Cloudy skies over Luzon due to amihan Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew View commentslast_img read more

Ellen’s Triumphant Post Ebola Tour

first_imgPresident Ellen Johnson Sirleaf could not wait to hear Liberia declared “Ebola-free.” This is something that she and every Liberian, both at home and in the Diaspora and their sympathizers, have dreamt about.The long-awaited declaration was  imminent a few weeks ago but the nation suffered a set-back when after completing over 25 days of counting and anxious waiting, a confirmed case was reported.But “The Magic Day,” finally came last  Saturday when World Health Organization’s (WHO) Representative to Liberia, Dr. Alex Gasasira,  read a statement declaring Liberia free of Ebola transmission.The pronouncement came after Liberia completed the required 42 days representing two incubation periods of the virus without a confirmed case.President Sirleaf, upon hearing this long awaited news burst into excitement.On Saturday morning the President embarked on what many of her officials termed as “the honorable thing”.  She boarded one of the donated Indian Asok Leyland buses, dubbed as “Air Force One”,   for a tour of all major health facilities in Monrovia and its environs to thank healthcare workers for their efforts that led the country to the finish line.Accompanying President Sirleaf were many of her lieutenants including Foreign Minister Augustine Ngafuan and Health Minister designate, Dr. Bernice Dahn. United States Ambassador, Deborah Malac, European Union Ambassador, Tiina Interlmann, representatives of the United Nations system and other global organizations also accompanied the President.The triumphant tour began at the James Spriggs Payne Airfield, right opposite her residence where a group of women had already gathered, dancing and singing.  These women in blue lappas and white tops were seen there throughout the Ebola outbreak, praying to God for deliverance on behalf of the country.The tour took the President and her entourage to the ELWA ETUs, the JFK Memorial Hospital, the Catholic Hospital, Redemption and the Island Clinic ETUs. She also visited relatives of a family that lost eleven members while two persons, a baby and a teenage girl survived.On hand to welcome the President at the ELWA ETU was its director, Dr. Jerry Brown, a New York Times award winning hero who helped cure many Ebola victims. The president shook hands and hugged others.At the ELWA compound, she embraced Dr. Brown and thanked him for making the country proud. “You are one of our true heroes. You came when we were confused and took on a task that no one was ever thinking of or willing to do,” she told him.Dr. Brown was the first to establish a temporary ETU to host victims during the heat of the crisis.President Sirleaf expressed excitement at the country being declared free, but said this could not have been possible without the many health workers’ efforts.It was time to celebrate, she said, but urged Liberians to celebrate with caution and remain vigilant.She paid tribute to all of her compatriots, especially medical practitioners who lost their lives to the virus.The President said she sometimes re-lived some of the horrifying moments during the height of the Ebola epidemic when sirens kept sounding across the city.“Liberia Has Crossed the Rubicon”President Sirleaf had said in an earlier interview that the country had “crossed the Rubicon” and this is because everyone worked to ensure that the virus was defeated. “We will celebrate our communities which have taken responsibility and participated in fighting this unknown enemy and finally we’ve crossed the Rubicon. Liberia indeed is today a happy nation.”  ·  The Rubicon is an ancient Roman law that forbade any general from crossing the Rubicon River and entering Italy proper with a standing army. To do so was treason. Julius Caesar, the powerful Roman emperor, crossed it in 49 B.C. Everywhere the President went, people were in a jubilant mood with Liberians from all walks of life expressing their feelings on placards, some chanting and making speeches. Most expressed gratitude that Liberia was now free of Ebola.People on the streets could not hide their excitement at  conquering Ebola which took the lives of over 4000 of their compatriots.“Thank God we are finally free. It wasn’t easy but we have made it,” a local journalist, Gordon Garway said. “With all of our differences, when Ebola came we became more united and fought this menace together,” the LIB24 Radio and television presenter, said.“Don’t forget that Ebola has been defeated through collective efforts. We agreed to follow the preventive measures, hand-washing, no touching, reporting suspicious people and cases and many more…,” one placard at the Island Clinic read.”It has been a terrible time  in our country. I’m grateful to God, who I believe brought us back to normality,” James Kaiwor, told the Daily Observer in an interview.Four Months Hazard Package for Private Medical FacilitiesIn spicing up the Ebola Freedom Day celebration for Healthcare givers,  Health Minister-designate, Dr. Bernice Dahn told jubilant medical practitioners that President Sirleaf has approved a four- month hazard payment package for all private institutions across the country.The Minister Designate’s  statement was reechoed by President Sirleaf at the ELWA and Catholic hospitals.Liberia Now Safe, Foreign Partners  Can Now Return Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Ngafuan said,“It is now time for us to tell the international community and some of our friends who left the country, that we are now safe and they can now return.”He noted that it was disheartening to have seen the affected countries being  isolated, especially by their African brothers and sisters.African Leaders Expected TodayThe Liberian government is today expecting a number of African leaders, including the Nigerian leader, President Muhammadu Buhari, to grace the formal  celebration of the end of Ebola in the country.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Arsenal transfer boost! Barcelona ready to cash in on Gunners target

first_img1 Barcelona are ready to cash in on Arsenal target Pedro this summer – and Paris Saint-Germain are lining up an offer.Despite being under a transfer embargo until January, reports in Spain have revealed Barca are willing to listen to offers of £15m and above for the Spaniard.Pedro, 27, is out of contract in June 2016 and the Catalan club are desperate not to lose him for nothing.The forward was one of the key members of the Barca side under former manager Pep Guardiola but has recently become a bit-part player and started just 12 league games this season.He has struggled to hold down a regular starting berth with Lionel Messi, Neymar and Luis Suarez the preferred options in attack and he may look to move on in order to secure first-team football.Arsenal have been long-term admirers of Pedro and are monitoring his contract situation closely.But now it has been reported that PSG are ready to make their move when the transfer window opens and hope to lure him to the French capital. Barcelona star Pedro last_img read more


first_imgA number of people across Donegal have been duped into giving their personal bank details in an elaborate text scam.People received the bogus texts todayHundreds of people received text messages claiming to be from the Revenue Commissioners office.The text displays a link to a fake website claiming to be from Revenue. The text claims the person is entitled to a refund for their end of year tax returns and are encouraged to fill in a bogus form.A number of people are believed to have filled in the form and given access to their personal bank details.A Revenue source told Donegal Daily they are looking into the scam.They stressed that the Revenue would never contact people by text message. “We believe a number of people have been affected but we don’t know the extent at this stage.“We don’t know if people have lost money but we would never contact anyone by text.“People should never give out their personal bank details,” he said. DOZENS OF PEOPLE CONNED IN HOAX REVENUE REFUND SCAM was last modified: November 18th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:phoneRevenuescamtextlast_img read more


first_imgIt’s a picture of Donegal’s stunning beauty in July but it could have been taken in January.Looking across Horn Head in Dunfanaghy yesterday, there truly was four seasons in one day. The hail at the bottom of the picture shows just how wacky Donegal’s weather has been of late.Only in Donegal…..with thanks to Eddie Wray for the picture.HAIL, HAIL – IT’S SUMMER ON HORN HEAD! was last modified: July 31st, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more


first_imgAlistair Hay from Emerald Guitars gets ready for the long journey.AN exciting project that spans three continents has reunited a local guitar manufacturer with a Canadian artist whom he first met on a chance meeting in Donegal over two decades ago.Tomorrow Alistair Hay from St Johnston, will travel to China where he will have one of his unique Emerald Guitars decorated with Eastern philosophy-influenced art by Canadianartist Kristel Ouwehand for a Chicago-based customer.The founder and driving force behind one of the leading carbon fibreguitar companies in the world first met the artist in 1992.Kristel was travelling the world, financing herself through painting,and was invited by the Hay family to stay at their home for a few daysupon their encounter on Main Street, Letterkenny. While they did manage to stay in touch for a little while after,contact was lost at one stage, but thankfully re-established throughthe internet a four years ago.Kristel had left Alistair’s home leaving him with a painting which hada profound effect on him and became a symbol for his own personaljourney.Alistair said: “She came and stayed in our house for a few days and inreturn she painted a picture of a horse for me.“It was a beautiful picture depicting the horse with a flowing maneand tail galloping in the wind and it has held pride of place eversince.” Kristel went on to settle, first in Northern India and then moving onto China where she worked with Buddhist monks, learned the way oftheir art and recently set up the Amdo Art Projects in the monasterytown of Xiahe, Gansu (Facebook: ‘Amdo Arts Projects’).Having found each other again on the internet, Alistair and Kristeldecided they would love to work on a project together some day, if theopportunity arose.Four years later, an Emerald Guitars customer contacted Alistairrequesting a custom-made nine-string guitar.As if this wasn’t unique in itself, the customer also said that hewould like his guitar to feature Eastern philosophy-influenced art,This prompted Alistair to contact his old friend. “We started talkingabout the design and I realised that it wasn’t something I could do. “Instantly, I knew it was Kristel who would have to do this. I calledher and I also spoke to the costumer and he said ‘If you can take theguitar to China in person and have the artwork done, go for it’.”And so visas were applied for and flights to China were booked forAlistair and his media manager, Greencastle man Alan McLaughlin, totake the guitar to the monastery town where Kristel is running the artproject.“What’s so exciting about this project is that it’s a lot of differentlife experiences of mine coming together to allow this to happen.“It’s bringing a story full circle; that first connection withKristel, all those years ago, reconnecting with her in her home inChina and creating a very special piece for one of our customers,”said Alistair.In the history of Emerald Guitars there have been a select number ofinstruments that have marked milestones in the Donegal company’sstory. This began with the very first Emerald Guitar to be given to someone,which just happened to be American rock legend Steve Vai, to the newmost famous guitar in the world, Chinese-American pop star WangLeehom’s Chinese dragon guitar, simply known as Bahamut.Alistair has also had the privilege to build instruments forworld-famous acts such as legendary rockers Bon Jovi, Bryan Adams, andmany more.“I have always said we are not a company that makes guitars, we’re acompany that makes stories. We always work with our customers to makea memorable experience and create something special for them,” said.THE DONEGAL GUITAR WHICH TOOK 20 YEARS TO GET TO CHINA! was last modified: September 16th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalEmerald Guitarslast_img read more

Urgency surrounds mast protest in Buncrana

first_imgA group of protestors have taken to the street in Buncrana today to highlight their urgent fears over the telecommunications mast at Buncrana Garda Station.The Buncrana Garda Mast Action Group and 5G Inishowen Awareness group are demanding that a new 3G and 4G wireless antenna at the town’s Garda Station is not turned on.Campaigners say they received information that suggests the mast will be activated today (Monday). Protesters gathered with signs outside Buncrana Garda Station this morning as they call for developments to be moved to isolated areas of the county.  Protest outside Buncrana Garda Station, 4th November 2019They fear that the signals of the mast will affect the health of people living and working nearby in Buncrana.The Office of Public Work granted a private license to Shared Access Ltd last year for the erection of the telecommunications mast on State property in Buncrana.The licence, which is part of the nationwide network, will generate an annual income of €6,740, according to figures released by the OPW. Telecoms mast erected at Buncrana Garda StationCommunity campaigners have expressed concerns with the structure possibly becoming a 5G mast when the network is rolled out. With a mast currently in operation at West End Buncrana, campaigners fear that the signal strength will be heightened in the town.Meanwhile, eir has announced that it plans to switch on masts in Letterkenny this month to roll out its 5G service in the town.Urgency surrounds mast protest in Buncrana was last modified: November 4th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

History Highlight: The Two Wilberforces

first_imgThose seeing the new movie Amazing Grace (opened Feb 2, 2007) about England’s long political battle to end slavery may not realize the family connection of the film’s hero with the controversy over Darwinism. William Wilberforce, the champion of abolition who brought an end to the slave trade as depicted in the film, had a son, Samuel, who became a leader in the fight against Darwinism in 1860. The Bishop of Oxford, Samuel Wilberforce stood strong not only against the rising tide of liberal theology in the mid-19th century, but took particular umbrage at Darwin’s “flimsy speculation” as he called it. He wrote a strident review against The Origin of Species for the Quarterly Review that really got under Charles Darwin’s skin. Darwin recognized the input of his arch-foe, Richard Owen, director of the British Museum, the leading paleontologist of the day.Bishop Wilberforce was at the focal point of a pivotal event in the rise of Darwinism. At a lively series of lectures at the meeting of the British Association at Oxford, just months after the publication of Darwin’s Origin, Wilberforce faced off against Thomas Huxley in a famous interchange about evolution. Contrary to later depictions of the event as a victory of Huxley’s rationalist science against Wilberforce’s theological dogmatism, each side felt they had made the better case. Wilberforce, not only a theologian but a professor of mathematics, spoke for nearly half an hour before Huxley. Apparently he got strong support from the audience. It is highly doubtful he uttered an insulting jibe about Huxley’s ape ancestry as later revisionists alleged, or that Huxley delivered a devastating counter-thrust. In fact, Huxley and Wilberforce both acted on amicable terms of mutual respect after the episode.1 Darwin himself, though, glad that illness prevented his attendance at the meeting, told Huxley, “I would as soon have died as tried to answer the Bishop in such an assembly.” He probably would have also had died to have heard his former Beagle captain FitzRoy at the meeting giving an impassioned denunciation of the evolutionary views of the erstwhile shipboard naturalist.Many came to the meeting lusting for a fight over the new evolutionary views. Activists on both sides tended to hear what they wanted to hear and report it accordingly. Unfortunately for Wilberforce and other theists, the apparent progress of materialist science (as evidence through industrial progress), coupled with discontent over established religion, combined to give Darwin’s views a more “trendy” air that appealed especially to young scientists. Darwin’s aides capitalized on this in a rapid-fire sequence of articles, attacks, pamphlets, new journals and other publicity strategies in the days following the June meeting at Oxford. Within 10 years, most opposition to evolution had been swept away.2 Throughout his life, Bishop Wilberforce continued to be an adamant opponent of Darwinism. His prestige and trenchant criticisms gave the father of evolution fits. See also the postscript in an article about Amazing Grace by Jonathan Sarfati on Creation on the Web and an analysis of the urban legend by a pro-evolution writer, J.R. Lucas.1This was also apparently the meeting where Huxley presented his famous “monkeys and typewriters” illustration that has also become an urban legend. It is not at all credible that Wilberforce, a mathematics professor, was stupefied by Huxley’s imaginative story as often depicted. See the article by Russell Grigg on CMI.2The event also took place during a sea change in natural science. A new class of researchers dubbed “scientists” by Anglican priest and historian William Whewell in 1834 was beginning to carve out its turf. Formerly “natural philosophers” who worked either from their independent means or within church-run academic institutions, this growing class was seeking academic respectability and a unique professional domain (and the auspices of the universities). Darwin’s theory came just at the time the “scientist” was emerging as a new kind of professional animal. Historian of science Lawrence Principe, for example, has emphasized this very period as a kind of turf war for the emerging scientist class. Books characterizing a “warfare between science and religion” became popular at this time. One particularly awful example, Principe relates in his Teaching Company series Science and Religion, was written by John Draper – who, incidentally, was the first (and a rather boring) speaker at that same British Association meeting!Wilberforce understood better than most that Darwin’s views, if accepted, would be dangerous. He also perceived that they were less scientific than anti-Christian, relying not on evidence but on “flimsy speculations.”Nevertheless, the Huxley-Wilberforce debate became a pivotal event in the history of science. Its effects rippled far beyond the question of how species arise. The significance of this event was described by Janet Browne, one of the most respected biographers of Darwin, in a penetrating analysis of the occasion after her depiction of the events as they unfolded on June 30, 1860 at Oxford. Notice the references to strategy, propaganda, and jockeying for position by the “Darwinites” as she calls them:The significant thing is that a contest had taken place.  This occasion presented a clearly demarcated display of the respective powers of conflicting authorities as represented in two opposing figures. Wilberforce and Huxley were perceived as fighting over the right to explain origins—a dispute over the proper boundary between science and the church that seemed as physically real to the participants and to the audience as any territorial or geographical warfare.  Each side was convinced that its claims about the natural world were credible and trustworthy, that its procedures were the only valid account of reality.  As it happened, these opposing forces were unequally balanced in Victorian England. Science at that time held little innate authority in itself, and its status was sustained mainly through the the rhetorical exertions of its practitioners, among whom Huxley would come to shine, whereas the church was the strongest body in the nation, attracting and retaining the very best intellects of the age. Afterwards, it was rumored that Huxley’s victory for science was falsely embellished by science’s supporters. In this dispute, the challenge was clear. Any success for the Darwinian scheme would require renegotiating—often with bitter controversy—the lines to be drawn between cultural domains. Science was not yet vested with the authority that would come with the modern era. Its practitioners were exerting themselves to create professional communities, struggling to receive due acknowledgement of their expertise and the right to choose and investigate issues in their own manner. As Wilberforce demonstrated, that authority currently lay for the most part with theology. The gossip running through the crowd afterwards quickly crafted an epic narrative, a collective fiction with an inbuilt meaning much more tangible and important than reality. All felt they were witnessing history in the making.     A public polarization of opinion had emerged.  The issue became excitingly simple. Were humans descended from monkeys or made by God? —Janet Browne, Charles Darwin: The Power of Place (Princeton, 2002), pp. 124-125.Browne launched from this episode into a chapter about Darwin’s “Four Musketeers” (Huxley, Hooker, Lyell, and Asa Grey, 01/04/2004) who capitalized on this public relations bonanza.  Within a decade, through an almost master-planned campaign of smearing opponents and popularizing Darwin’s views, they pretty much won over the entire intellectual world. Now you see why J. P. Moreland said that the Darwinian revolution was primarily a movement to rid science of theology.The supposed “warfare between science and religion” was not started by the theologians. Science and theology had a long, mutually supportive history. It was started by the Darwinites, like Americans John Draper and Andrew D. White, whose revisionist histories (Draper, 1863; White, 1896) needed to demonize churchmen in order to legitimate the Darwinian revolution. Historian Lawrence Principe emphasizes that the conflict model of the science-religion interaction is dismissed by all modern historians. For today’s Darwin Party to insist they need to defend science from creationism rings as hollow as hearing Ahmedinejad say he needs nukes for defense.Evolutionist J. R. Lucas agrees in his analysis of the Huxley-Wilberforce interchange. “This is the most important reason why the legend grew,” he says; “At the time, Wilberforce was perfectly entitled to have an opinion about science, but in the later years of the century scientists were increasingly jealous of their autonomy, and would see in Huxley’s retort a claim they were increasingly anxious to assert.” In matters of science, effectively, the opinions of theologians were no longer welcome—an ironic outcome considering Darwin himself had but one degree—in theology!One cannot ignore the sociopolitical and economic forces that contributed to the rise of Darwinism. Other evolutionary theories had been proposed in prior decades (Erasmus Darwin, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Robert Chambers), with only a modicum of success. Why did Darwin succeed so triumphantly? Was it the genius of his theory of natural selection, and the scientific evidence he amassed to support it? Certainly his theory contained more detail and logical development, but to what extent was it a well-timed pretext for more substantive social factors to come into play?As evidence, consider that natural selection theory fell into disrepute over the next four decades and was nearly moribund by the turn of the century. Darwin himself had to concede more to Lamarck under repeated attacks on his mechanism by other scientists. It cannot be, therefore, that evolutionism became popular because of the scientific soundness of Darwin’s mechanism.  There were highly-educated, well-trained and eminently-respected scientists who vigorously opposed Darwin’s ideas: e.g., Adam Sedgwick, Darwin’s geology teacher; Richard Owen, founder and director of the British Museum; John Phillips, Oxford geology professor and president of the Geological Society of London; Louis Agassiz, one of the most famous American scientists of the period, and many others. In fact, ironically, most of the early criticisms of Darwin’s thesis came from scientists, not theologians.Nevertheless, the vision of a “fact” of evolution (i.e., common ancestry through material mechanisms, whatever they were) rapidly took over the intellectual world right at the time three powerful social movements were in place to empower its acceptance: (1) the widespread belief in progress (evidenced by the apparent superiority of the British Empire), (2) discontent with establishment Victorian religion (with a resulting value put on secularism), and (3) the rise of the scientist class as an independent profession. Given these forces, any cause celebre that facilitated movements already underway could have been more celebre than cause. One can see how the Huxley-Wilberforce story could be blown out of proportion. It became a distortion, exploited by an avant garde ready to claim its portion by extortion.The upshot was that science was taken captive by materialism, not by force of evidence, but by revolutionary tactics of agenda-driven advocates on a turf war against a weakened church (whose own leaders were either undermining the historical foundations of the faith, or were living lives inconsistent with the teachings of Christ). By 1874, in a presidential address to the British Association, John Tyndall had pretty much established the claim of institutionalized naturalistic science to explore anything and everything it desired, including origins, meaning and ultimate destiny, baptizing its speculations (e.g., 01/17/2007) in the name of science (see James Clerk Maxwell’s satirical poem in the 08/10/2005 commentary). This went far beyond the first limited claims by Darwin to explain the origin of species. Like communists, the Darwinites seldom concede power once they have usurped it.  That explains the histrionics of today’s professional science elites when creationism and intelligent design proponents, despite a much longer experience in natural philosophy, move to reassert rights to their historic domains of inquiry (e.g., 01/11/2007, 01/06/2007).Samuel Wilberforce’s fight against the incipient intellectual slavery of science to materialism is another story that must be told, because the Darwinite propaganda and subterfuge continues unabated to this day. There are only preliminary signs its grip is weakening. The science of the 21st century is too big a challenge for an outdated, simplistic philosophy devised by a 19th century bearded Buddha and his disciples.Meanwhile, go see Amazing Grace: the Movie.  It’s an excellent use of the film medium to educate and inspire. Here is a movie that brings to life a period of history that should be known by everyone.  Watching William Wilberforce struggle through the darkest days of opposition presents a sober lesson: never underestimate the lengths to which those who allow evil to exist will rationalize their positions with pragmatic and intellectual-sounding arguments – as his son Samuel Wilberforce would discover again in 1860. But never underestimate also the power of perseverance and the courage of rightly-based convictions. And, as the film illustrates, a little creativity and strategizing can help when dealing with entrenched, self-serving interests.(Visited 52 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more