What’s the difference between a conventional grill and the German-made, steak-cooking beast known as Beefer? About a thousand degrees of cooking temperature, that’s what.Yes, the Beefer grill can reach up to 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit, which is, according to the makers of Beefer, high enough to quickly caramelize and sear the exterior of a beautifully aged steak, all while maintaining consistent heat and a medium-rare interior. But, the really innovative feature in Beefer is the use of top-down heat.Emanating from a ceramic burner, the 1,500 degrees of heat blasts your meat directly from the top, meaning any juices, fat, or other flavors that come out of meat and would normally fall on the flames or burners of traditional grills are contained within the cooking tray — no lost flavor lost and no heavy smoke. All these collected juices are perfect for creating sauces for both steaks and side dishes. Au jus, anyone?Priced at $899 for the original Beefer and up to $2,400 for the Beefer XL Chef, home cooks might be inclined to pass this appliance, but when you think about the fact that some regular gas grills exceed prices of $2,000, Beefer starts to look more and more like a better deal. Add to that the money you’ll save by cooking steakhouse-quality cuts of meat at home and Beefer suddenly becomes a realistic prospect. To top it all off, Beefer’s totally removable internal parts are super easy to clean — a rinse with soap and water or a run through the dishwasher is all they need (no more cleaning grill grates!).The Beefer is powered by propane gas and can be used both indoors and out, so don’t worry if you’re kitchen isn’t big enough to fit this bad boy, your backyard will do just fine.If thinking about steak cooked in the Beefer has made your mouth water, wet your whistle with the perfect cocktail to pair with steak: the Manhattan. Turn Your Kitchen into a High-End Steakhouse with this Countertop Grill Close The Best Steakhouse Whiskey Collections in the United States How to Cook Steak in the Oven ShareVideo Player is loading.Play VideoPlayUnmuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:41Loaded: 0%0:00Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:41 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreen Editors’ Recommendations The Best Cast Iron Camping Cookware The Rise of Taiwanese Food Chain Din Tai Fung Take a Peek at Wimbledon Winner Novak Djokovic’s Swanky Miami Retreat
Ulstein Verft to Build the Worlds Largest Hybrid FerryUlstein Verft to Build the Worlds Largest Hybrid Ferry
zoom Norwegian ferry operator Color Line has signed a Letter of Intent (LOI) with compatriot shipyard Ulstein Verft for the construction of the world’s largest hybrid vessel.Planned to be deployed on the Sandefjord-Strömstad service from summer 2019, the new ferry is a plug-in hybrid, where the batteries are recharged via a power cable with green electricity from their own shore facilities or recharged on board by the ship’s generators.The world’s largest plug-in hybrid ferry will be 160 metres long and have a capacity of 2,000 passengers and about 500 cars.“This is an important milestone for us, and we are very pleased that we have been chosen as partner in this very exciting project. We are looking forward to the further cooperation with Color Line,” Gunvor Ulstein, Ulstein Group CEO, said.The vessel, with the working title Color Hybrid, will have almost double capacity as M/S Bohus, which is scheduled to be phased out when the new ferry will be put into operation.Color Hybrid will have full battery power into and out of the fjord to Sandefjord, Ulstein said, adding that it will therefore “not give emissions of harmful greenhouse gases or nitrogen and sulphur compounds in this area.”
New Measures to Improve Seafarers Working ConditionsNew Measures to Improve Seafarers Working Conditions
zoom The European Commission is proposing to incorporate an agreement between social partners to improve the working conditions of seafarers on board EU-flagged vessels in EU law. The proposal will ensure that seafarers are better protected against abandonment in foreign ports in the future, and will strengthen their rights to compensation in the event of death or long-term disability due to an occupational injury, illness or hazard.“Maritime transport remains crucial for Europe’s economic development. Today’s proposal will strengthen seafarers’ protection and underpin fair competition in the maritime sector,” Marianne Thyssen, Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility, said.“Improved working conditions will also make the shipping sector more attractive for young Europeans. This proposal is an excellent example of how social partners support the Commission in keeping EU law fit for purpose,” Thyssen added.Additionally, the proposal will improve seafarers’ protection in the event of abandonment, including when the ship owner fails to pay contractual wages for a period of at least two months, or when the ship owner has left the seafarer without the necessary maintenance and support to execute ship operations.“This will not only benefit seafarers themselves, but also all EU port authorities, as it will result in fewer problematic cases of abandonment,” the European Commission informed.Furthermore, the proposal will also improve the mechanisms by which compensation is provided. This will make the payment of claims quicker and easier, which will help avoid the long delays in payment and red tape that seafarers or their families frequently encounter in case of abandonments or in case of death or long-term disability.
The following is a statement from Premier Stephen McNeil: “We have closely monitored the storm and it is clear now that conditions will not improve before this evening’s sitting of the legislature. After updates from the Emergency Management Office and Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal, it is clear the speaker cannot ask staff to report to the legislature this evening. I fully support this decision, made in consultation with senior government officials and emergency management staff. EMO officials continue to closely monitor the storm as it develops and moves across the province. Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal has plows out in communities throughout Nova Scotia. First responders are on alert. We owe our thanks to the hard-working employees today as they keep us safe. Tomorrow we will proceed with our plans so the lives of students and their parents can return to normal as soon as possible.” -30-
AuroraCanniMed 1B cannabis deal puts pressure on competitorsAuroraCanniMed 1B cannabis deal puts pressure on competitors
Aurora Cannabis Inc.’s friendly billion-dollar deal to buy rival licensed producer CanniMed Therapeutics Inc. marks the biggest acquisition the marijuana sector has seen and puts pressure on their competitors to up their expansion antes.The agreement, valued around $1.1 billion, comes after an acrimonious takeover battle that included a public war of words and a lawsuit filed by CanniMed against its suitor.But after spending long days at the negotiating table since late last week, the adversaries agreed on a transaction that now includes both shares and cash — a sweeter deal than the earlier all-stock transaction offered in November.“It probably creates an expectation that there will be more consolidation in the sector,” said Aurora’s chief corporate officer Cam Battley.The CanniMed transaction marks the largest acquisition in this sector by far, said Russell Stanley, special situations analyst at Echelon Wealth Partners.There is now increased pressure for the sector’s bigger players — who have all raised money amid soaring share prices recently — to scale up either organically or via acquisitions, Stanley said.“They’ve got the currency, they’ve got the ammunition, and the market’s going to expect people to use it.”The transaction, which is subject to customary closing conditions, is the latest in a wave of consolidation in the sector ahead of legalization for recreational use this summer.Rival producer Aphria Inc. earlier this month announced a deal to buy B.C. based Broken Coast Cannabis Inc., a transaction valued at $230 million in cash and stock. Prior to the Aurora-CanniMed deal, the largest deal had been Canopy Growth’s 2016 friendly all-stock deal to acquire Mettrum Health Corp. valued at $430 million.Based on an implied Aurora share price of $12.65 and an exchange ratio that would see CanniMed shareholders receive 3.4 Aurora shares or a combination of cash and shares for each CanniMed share, the companies said the new offer would amount to $43 per share, or $1.1 billion.However, Aurora shares closed at $14.79 on the Toronto Stock Exchange on Tuesday and CanniMed shares closed at $37.51, making the offer worth currently worth about $50 per share by the time it was announced Wednesday. The value could bounce around significantly before the deal closes due to volatility in the marijuana sector.CanniMed had argued that Aurora’s earlier all-stock offer valued at up to $24 per share for the company was too low, given the wild upward swing in marijuana stocks in recent months.The deal gives Aurora the cannabis producer with the longest track record in the industry. CanniMed’s predecessor was the sole supplier to Health Canada before the current medical marijuana licensing regime was implemented.CanniMed has also demonstrated success in developing and monetizing value-added products, Stanley added, noting that 57 per cent of the latest quarter’s sales came from oils rather than dried flower. These capabilities could help Aurora as cannabis companies race to develop pill-form cannabis amid growing interest in the drug’s use for medical applications.CanniMed has more than 200 employees, while Aurora has more than 450, said Battley. Aurora does not expect to cut jobs, but rather ramp up hiring, he added.Battley also expects Zettl to come on board for at least a transition period, and perhaps beyond that.The deal also means CanniMed will abandon its plans to acquire the Tragically Hip-backed Newstrike Resources Ltd., whose shareholders had already voted in favour of a takeover by CanniMed.CanniMed chief executive Brent Zettl said he was angling for a three-way deal that would include Newstrike as well.“I think there is still some open-mindedness … It’s just that we didn’t get to a commercial agreement on that.”CanniMed will pay a $9.5-million break fee to Newstrike as a result of its decision, though its stock tumbled as much as 25 per cent after the deal was announced.Newstrike’s chief executive Jay Wilgar says that while the view may be that his company was “left at the altar”, this was a “mutual decision” and things have changed since its deal with CanniMed was announced.“Newstrike has received its sales license, which is a huge step,” he said.“We are in a very strong position right now, as a standalone.”Companies in this story: (TSX:CMD, TSX:ACB, TSXV:HIP, TSX:APH, TSX:WEED)
Rabat – In the midst of the Israeli bombardment of Gaza, American Pop Diva Rihanna has stirred controversy after she apparently tweeted “#FreePalestine”on Tuesday before deleting it, 8 minutes later.As Rihanna tweeted #FreePalestine, choosing the Palestinian side in their ongoing conflict with Israel, the American Pop star received many angry responses from her fans.The tweet was posted shortly after the proposed Middle East cease fire fell apart. Her pro-Palestine message was retweeted seven thousand times, before she took it down, 8minutes later.Rihanna’s “controversial” tweet attracted the attention of media worldwide, with thousands of her fans curious to find out why she deleted her supporting message to Palestine. But the pop diva did not offer any comment until now.However, a source close to the singer told TMZ that she was reading about the conflict when she inadvertently tweeted it.“She deleted it because it was never meant to be tweeted,” the source explained. “She didn’t even realize it was a tweet until she started hearing from her fans.”“Rihanna is not pro-Palestine or pro-Israel …she is pro-peace. She doesn’t want innocent people dying,” the source concluded.Three days ago, NBA star Dwight Howard sent out the exact same tweet and quickly deleted it, explaining, “Previous tweet was a mistake. I have never commented on international politics and never will.”
Hailing Somalias ratification UN renews call for universalization of child rights treatyHailing Somalias ratification UN renews call for universalization of child rights treaty
Somalia deposited its instrument of ratification at UN Headquarters in New York yesterday during the annual treaty event held in conjunction with the General Assembly’s high-level debate, formalizing the process of ratification started earlier this year.In doing so, the Horn of Africa nation became the 196th State party to the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history. The United States is now the only country that has not ratified it. “The Secretary-General welcomes the Government of Somalia’s ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, an important measure which binds the Government to ensure specific protections for all children in the country,” said a statement issued by Mr. Ban’s spokesperson. Adopted in 1989, the Convention is the world’s strongest commitment to promote and respect the human rights of children, including the right to life, to health, to education and to play, as well as the right to family life, to be protected from violence and from any form of discrimination, and to have their views heard. Mr. Ban encouraged the US “to join the global movement and help the world reach the objective of universal ratification,” and affirmed the UN’s support in these efforts.” Also welcoming Somalia’s ratification was Anthony Lake, Executive Director of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF); Leila Zerrougui, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict; Marta Santos Pais, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Violence against Children; and Benyam Dawit Mezmur, Chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child.In a joint statement, they said Somalia’s action is “a significant and very welcome step” toward realizing the rights of the country’s 6.5 million children, who face enormous challenges. Somalia today has one of the highest under-five mortality rates in the world, alarming malnutrition rates, and very high levels of violence affecting children. “By becoming the 196th nation to ratify the Convention, Somalia has committed to uphold the dignity and worth of every child and translate the obligations of the CRC into concrete actions, especially for those children in greatest need and at greatest risk,” they stated. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, in a separate statement, also welcomed the ratification and repeated its call for universal ratification of the Convention, adding that it looked forward to engaging with the US. The Committee, which monitors implementation of the treaty, also urged States to ratify the three Optional Protocols to the Convention that deal with protecting children from trafficking, prostitution and child pornography; prohibiting their recruitment in armed conflict; and allowing children to bring forward their complaints to the UN if their rights are being abused.Somalia was among 24 Member States that undertook 31 treaty actions during this year’s event at UN Headquarters, on legal instruments covering issues such as human rights, international trade and development, penal matters, disarmament, and environment, among others.
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram Former accommodation manager and senior figure of the Greek-based care group AGAPI, Andreas Haralampidis, has been acquitted of all charges by the Magistrates Court of Victoria at Heidelberg.Mr Haralambidis was charged in July by the Darebin Crime Investigation Unit in Preston in Melbourne’s northern suburbs, for nine alleged counts of theft from the organisation, which were said to have occurred between July 1, 2011 and March 31, 2012, totalling $81,716.95.In a statement to Neos Kosmos, Mr Haralambidis’ lawyers Dandanis & Associates have disclosed the certified extract from the Heidelberg Court, which dismisses all charges on merits of the case. The court ruling was made on 26 July, 2016.In Mr Haralambidis’ defence it is worth mentioning that he has always denied all charges and proclaimed his innocence.
Les plages de Guadeloupe envahies par des algues brunesLes plages de Guadeloupe envahies par des algues brunes
Les plages de Guadeloupe envahies par des algues brunesDepuis plusieurs semaines, les plages de l’archipel guadeloupéen sont envahies par des algues brunes. Si celles-ci ne présentent pas de risques sanitaires, comme l’affirme l’Agence régionale de santé (ARS), elles dégagent une odeur pestilentielle.Alors que la Bretagne doit comme chaque été, faire face à la prolifération des algues vertes, l’archipel guadeloupéen est lui aussi touché par une invasion d’algues, brunes, cette fois. Depuis plusieurs semaines, elles envahissent les plages de Guadeloupe, et tout particulièrement celles de la Côte aux Vents, Grande Terre, Marie-Galante, la Désirade et les Saintes. Baptisées “algues des Sargasses”, elles auraient échoué en masse sur les côtes de l’archipel suite au passage de la tempête tropicale Emily, qui a récemment balayé Haïti et la Martinique.À lire aussiUne tortue surprise à creuser son nid au milieu des déchets sur une plage de TaïwanCes algues brunes ne sont heureusement pas toxiques. Dans un communiqué publié lundi, l’Agence régionale de santé (ARS) assure en effet qu’elles ne “présentent pas de risques sanitaires”. Mais les algues en décomposition qui envahissent les côtesguadeloupéennes et s’amoncellent parfois sur plusieurs mètres de haut, dégagent une odeur pestilentielle, qui rend les plages infréquentables. Dans un communiqué publié sur son site Internet, la préfecture de la Guadeloupe conseille toutefois aux personnes les plus sensibles de ne pas s’approcher des tas d’algues en décomposition, en raison de la présence d’hydrogène sulfuré, qui bien que détecté à très faible dose, peut engendrer en cas d’inhalation des irritations des yeux et des voies respiratoires.Le 9 août 2011 à 20:11 • Maxime Lambert
Hughes talks about Ings first goal for SouthamptonHughes talks about Ings first goal for Southampton
The manager was not happy with the 2-1 defeat against Everton, but he knows Danny Ings can contribute a lot to the teamDanny Ings signed for Southampton on August 9th of this year.And ten days later, he scored his team’s only goal against Everton this weekend.This has let to Southampton boss Mark Hughes to praise his work.“Danny looked sharp and could have scored in the first half but it’s actually a fantastic save having seen it since,” Hughes said to the Saint’s official website.Solskjaer slams Man United’s draw: “We should have won” Andrew Smyth – August 31, 2019 Ole Gunnar Solskjaer was left to rue another missed opportunity as Manchester United were held to a 1-1 draw against 10-man Southampton.“I thought it was just a close-range miss but he’s actually saved it so credit to their ‘keeper.”Danny Ings scored at the 54th-minute mark after his team was down 2-0.His goal gave Southampton hope but the team didn’t manage to tie the match against Everton.“We got him off and running in the second-half so for him coming to a new club, as a striker you want to get off the mark very, very quickly and that’s what he has done so that’s a positive,” Hughes added.
SPOKANE — With recreational marijuana use now legal in Washington, state legislators are eyeing whether the state should also allow a hemp industry.Hemp, like marijuana, comes from the cannabis plant but has much less THC, the component of marijuana that makes people high. The hemp plant has thousands of industrial uses and could provide a new cash crop for farmers.The state Senate is considering a bill authorizing Washington State University to study the feasibility and possible value of an industrial hemp industry.“We have a long tradition of hemp usage on our country,” said State Sen. Jeanne Kohl-Welles, D-Seattle, a sponsor of the bill. “The Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper.”The federal government outlawed hemp decades ago as part of its efforts to stop marijuana production and use, Kohl-Welles said.Several people supported the bill at a recent hearing of the Senate Agriculture, Water and Rural Economic Development committee.Aimee Warner, a member of the Washington Hemp Industry Association, said the crop would grow well in the state’s climate.“Our farmers are ready to, and need to, start putting industrial hemp seeds into the ground immediately,” Warner said. “There is an irrational fear of this historically persecuted crop.”Chris Mulick, a lobbyist for Washington State University, said the school is “eager to help the state understand the viability and profitability of growing industrial hemp.”But he warned that the university must comply with U.S. laws in order to keep receiving federal funds for research and student aid.
In Other News City Rejects Tower Variance to Protect Dyess AFB SchoolIn Other News City Rejects Tower Variance to Protect Dyess AFB School
Dan Cohen AUTHOR The city of Abilene’s Board of Adjustment unanimously denied a company’s request to vary the height of an existing telecommunications tower located about 9 miles from the south end of the runway at Dyess AFB, Texas, over concerns about its impact on the installation’s current and future missions. The proposed, 700-foot structure would have been 241 feet higher than the existing tower, reported the Abilene Reporter-News. Officials at Dyess AFB opposed the request, stating it would interfere with approach procedures. The FAA concluded the tower would not pose a hazard to aviation. … Redirecting federal impact aid funds into education savings accounts for military families — an idea now being promoted by the Heritage Foundation — would shortchange their children’s schooling while harming local school districts, according to an op-ed by Joyce Raezer, executive director of the National Military Family Association, and Hilary Goldmann, executive director of the National Association of Federally Impacted Schools. “This private school voucher scheme would undermine the work of public school districts, deny students (including students with disabilities, military-connected students and Native American students) legal protections, reduce accountability and burden taxpayers,” they state. … The Flint Hills Regional Council is hoping to obtain a $402,000 grant shortly from DOD’s Office of Economic Adjustment to implement recommendations from the updated joint land use study for Fort Riley, Kan., completed last year. The 2005 study failed to prompt significant changes, with officials citing the lack of specific recommendations for individual communities as a shortcoming, reports the Mercury.Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Andrew Sarver
Egypts Mursi sentenced to 25 years in Qatar spy caseEgypts Mursi sentenced to 25 years in Qatar spy case
Former Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi greets his lawyers and people from behind bars at a court wearing the red uniform of a prisoner sentenced to death, during his court appearance with Muslim Brotherhood members on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, June 21, 2015. REUTERS/Amr Abdallah Dalsh/File PhotoAn Egyptian court on Saturday sentenced ousted president Mohammed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood to 25 years in prison in a final ruling over a case accusing him of spying for Qatar, judicial sources said.Mursi, democratically elected after Egypt’s 2011 revolution, was overthrown in mid-2013 by then-general Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, now the president, following mass protests against his rule. He was immediately arrested.Egypt’s Court of Cassation reduced Mursi’s sentence in the Qatar case to 25 years in its final ruling, from an original 40 years.Mursi is already serving a 20-year sentence after being convicted for the killing of protesters during demonstrations in 2012.Since toppling Mursi, Sisi has clamped down on dissent. Mass trials have been held for thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters, and hundreds have received death sentences or lengthy prison terms.In 2014, Egypt charged Mursi and nine others with endangering national security by leaking state secrets and sensitive documents to Qatar. Egypt’s relations with Doha were already troubled by Qatar’s backing of Mursi.Egypt is one of four Arab nations in a Saudi-led bloc that cut relations with the Gulf state on 5 June, accusing it of backing militant groups and cooperating with their arch-foe Iran, allegations Doha denies.
Gunmen on motorcycles kill 34 villagers in NigeriaGunmen on motorcycles kill 34 villagers in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria locating attacks in Shinkafi district, Zamfara State. Photo: AFPGunmen have killed 34 people in Nigeria’s northern Zamfara state where criminal gangs have been terrorising remote villages, police said Sunday.Armed bandits on motorcycles stormed into neighbouring Tungar Kafau and Gidan Wawa villages in Shinkafi district late Friday and shot dead 34 people, state police spokesman Mohammed Shehu said in a statement.”Normalcy has been restored in Tungar Kafau and Gidan Wawa… following attack by armed bandits… where 34 people were killed,” Shehu said.He said the victims of the attacks were buried on Saturday, adding police were on the trail of the killers.Local residents put the death toll higher, at 35.The bandits were said to have opened fire on farmers on their fields outside the villages and also pursued those who fled.”The bandits killed 35 people in the attacks,” said Lawwali Madattai, a resident.Rural communities in Zamfara state have for years been terrorised by criminal gangs who raid villages, stealing cattle, kidnapping for ransom and burning homes after looting food supplies.The bandits are known to hide in camps in Rugu forest which straddles Zamfara, Katsina, Kaduna and Niger states from where they launch attacks on communities in the area.Last week, at least 40 people were killed and dozens injured in raids in eight remote villages in Niger state.
Wikipedia CommonsRent in Houston grew by just 0.3 percent year-over-year in August.In August, rents in Greater Houston grew only 0.3 percent from the previous year, according to a report by apartment data firm Yardi Matrix.But the research firm expects the year-over-year number to rise to 1.6 percent by the end of the year. “We believe that Houston has bottomed out, that it is going to begin a slow transition to a positive range,” said Doug Ressler, who created the report.“We think it has hit the bottom, if you will.”That forecast is based on signs that the oil and gas industry is recovering from the downturn and also on the trend of more people renting instead of buying homes.But the rent increase is affecting different parts of the Houston area differently. Ressler said from January to August, rent grew by 1.3 percent in the wealthier western part of the region and by 2.3 percent in the eastern part.“The blue collar is where you’re seeing the resurgence of demand much more significantly than you are in terms of west Houston,” the researcher said.He said that’s because more job growth is happening in blue collar areas right now. To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: Share Listen 00:00 /01:08 X
Statistical study offers evidence of warning signs before Neolithic community collapseStatistical study offers evidence of warning signs before Neolithic community collapse
Citation: Statistical study offers evidence of warning signs before Neolithic community collapse (2016, August 30) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-08-statistical-evidence-neolithic-collapse.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org)—A trio of researchers, two with the University of Maryland and the other with University College London has found that early Neolithic communities exhibited warning signs before collapsing. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Sean Downey, W. Randall Haas, Jr. and Stephen Shennan describe the statistical analysis they conducted on data that has been collected through prior efforts from Neolithic communities that existed approximately 9,000 years ago and what they learned as a result. Knowing when a given community, town or city is about to collapse could prove useful in the future as the planet continues to warm—how such communities responded to stresses that have occurred in the past, the researchers found, may offer clues to the robustness of modern communities.The European Neolithic was a time of huge population growth as agriculture allowed people to move into larger and larger communities and that allowed for technological advancement as many people discovered they no longer needed to spend their days hunting or growing food. But it was also a time of instability as increased population densities allowed diseases to spread more easily. There was also war and the always problematic unpredictable weather. Sometimes, such events led to the total collapse of a community. But before that happened, the researchers with this new effort contend, there were warning signs.To learn more about societal collapse during the Neolithic, the researchers pored over papers documenting archeological digs looking for population numbers along with information regarding evidence of prior events that may have signaled coming trouble. The focus of their research was how communities had responded to stresses in their recent past. Those that were not able to fully recover between events, they noted, were at the most risk of total collapse when a new event occurred. They dubbed such events early warning signals (EWSs). They then tried the opposite approach, looking first for EWSs for a given community and then using them to try to predict whether a given community eventually collapsed—they report that they found such signals to be remarkably accurate. They suggest similar models could be used to help predict which if any modern communities may be in for a similar fate. Explore further More information: Sean S. Downey et al. European Neolithic societies showed early warning signals of population collapse, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1602504113AbstractEcosystems on the verge of major reorganization—regime shift—may exhibit declining resilience, which can be detected using a collection of generic statistical tests known as early warning signals (EWSs). This study explores whether EWSs anticipated human population collapse during the European Neolithic. It analyzes recent reconstructions of European Neolithic (8–4 kya) population trends that reveal regime shifts from a period of rapid growth following the introduction of agriculture to a period of instability and collapse. We find statistical support for EWSs in advance of population collapse. Seven of nine regional datasets exhibit increasing autocorrelation and variance leading up to collapse, suggesting that these societies began to recover from perturbation more slowly as resilience declined. We derive EWS statistics from a prehistoric population proxy based on summed archaeological radiocarbon date probability densities. We use simulation to validate our methods and show that sampling biases, atmospheric effects, radiocarbon calibration error, and taphonomic processes are unlikely to explain the observed EWS patterns. The implications of these results for understanding the dynamics of Neolithic ecosystems are discussed, and we present a general framework for analyzing societal regime shifts using EWS at large spatial and temporal scales. We suggest that our findings are consistent with an adaptive cycling model that highlights both the vulnerability and resilience of early European populations. We close by discussing the implications of the detection of EWS in human systems for archaeology and sustainability science. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Ancient dental plaque sheds new light on the diet of Mesolithic foragers in the Balkans A regime shift model of population growth rate variability, radiocarbon date calibration, and EWSs that demonstrates CSD in growth rates can be recovered from simulated SPDs. Credit: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1602504113 © 2016 Phys.org
Researchers report observation of roomtemperature polar skyrmionsResearchers report observation of roomtemperature polar skyrmions
Observation of ordered polar structure. a, b, Cross-sectional dark-field TEM images of a (SrTiO3)16/(PbTiO3)16/(SrTiO3)16 trilayer (a) and a [(SrTiO3)16/(PbTiO3)16]8 superlattice (b), revealing a regular in-plane modulation of about 8 nm. c, d, Planar-view dark-field STEM imaging shows the widespread occurrence of nanometre-size round and elongated features in a (SrTiO3)4/(PbTiO3)11/(SrTiO3)11 trilayer (c) and only circular features in a [(SrTiO3)16/(PbTiO3)16]8 superlattice (d) along the  and  directions. The STEM studies were repeated in a minimum of 10 separate samples and the observations were repeatable. Insets, FFT of the images in c and d show a ring-like distribution with stronger intensities along the cubic directions—the same feature seen in RSM studies. Credit: Nature (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1092-8 Simulation of a single polar skyrmion. Red arrows signify that this is a left-handed skyrmion. The other arrows represent the angular distribution of the dipoles. Credit: Xiaoxing Cheng, Pennsylvania State University; C.T. Nelson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Berkeley Lab Zubko describes skyrmions as “tiny whorls of magnetic moments,” and notes that a lot of research has been done with them because they are very useful in data storage applications. But he also notes that finding electrical versions of skyrmions has been a difficult journey. That may change, however, as the researchers with this new effort report a way to create and observe at least one kind of electrically based skyrmion—the polar skyrmion.Zubko notes that the researchers started with the observation that ferroelectrics and ferromagnetics, despite being very different, have some basic similar properties—spontaneous magnetization and polarization are just one example. He suggests it is this property that makes both such a draw for data storage applications. He also notes that scientists have been searching for some time for polarization in ferroelectrics that rotate in a way that could lead to the creation of skyrmions. Prior work has shown that when ferroelectrics are confined at the nanoscale, they become more sensitive to stresses and electric fields, which can upset polar orientation and give way to dipoles. In such scenarios, small regions of dipoles with the same orientation can form spontaneously and those regions will have boundary walls separating them from other regions. More information: S. Das et al. Observation of room-temperature polar skyrmions, Nature (2019). DOI: 10.1038/s41586-019-1092-8Press release Journal information: Nature Army-funded research discovery may allow for development of novel device structures that can be used to improve logic/memory, sensing, communications, and other applications for the Army as well as industry. Image demonstrates simulation of emergent chirality in polar skyrmions for the first time in oxide superlattices. Credit: Xiaoxing Cheng, Pennsylvania State University; C.T. Nelson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Ramamoorthy Ramesh, University of California, Berkeley Physicists show skyrmions can exist in ferroelectrics Explore further Citation: Researchers report observation of room-temperature polar skyrmions (2019, April 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-room-temperature-polar-skyrmions.html In their work, the researchers noted that the domain walls had polarization components that were perpendicular to those that resided next to them. They found that all it took was looping a domain wall between regions to force a ring of polarization to develop, which led to the creation of bubbles—polar skyrmions. The team then used an electron microscope that was capable of showing atomic displacement to observe the skyrmions. They further report that X-ray diffraction of the skyrmions showed them to have macroscopic chirality. Zubko suggests that much more work will need to be done with the skyrmions to find out if they will work with real-world applications, such as racetrack memory devices. Simulation of a single polar skyrmion. Red arrows signify that this is a left-handed skyrmion. The other arrows represent the angular distribution of the dipoles. Credit: Xiaoxing Cheng, Pennsylvania State University; C.T. Nelson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Berkeley Lab Army-funded research discovery may allow for development of novel device structures that can be used to improve logic/memory, sensing, communications, and other applications for the Army as well as industry. Image demonstrates simulation of emergent chirality in polar skyrmions for the first time in oxide superlattices. Credit: Xiaoxing Cheng, Pennsylvania State University; C.T. Nelson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Ramamoorthy Ramesh, University of California, Berkeley © 2019 Science X Network An international team of researchers has discovered a way to create and observe room-temperature polar skyrmions. In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes creating the polar skyrmions and their observations. Pavlo Zubko, with the London Centre for Nanotechnology, has published a News and Views piece on the work done by the team in the same journal issue. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Share Norway is building the world’s first ship tunnel Thursday, April 6, 2017 By: Jan M. Olsen Source: The Associated Press Tags: Britain & Europe, Norway << Previous PostNext Post >> COPENHAGEN — Norway plans to build the world’s first tunnel for ships, a 1,700-meter passageway burrowed through a piece of rocky peninsula that will allow vessels to avoid a treacherous part of sea.Construction of the Stad Ship Tunnel, which would be able to accommodate cruise and freight ships weighing up to 16,000 tons, is expected to open in 2023.It will be 36m wide and 49m tall and is estimated to cost at least 2.7 billion kroner.Credit: The Norwegian Coastal AdministrationCredit: The Norwegian Coastal AdministrationCredit: The Norwegian Coastal AdministrationCredit: The Norwegian Coastal AdministrationNorwegian Transportation Minister Ketil Solvik-Olsen had said Wednesday that sea currents and underwater topography in this part of the country’s southwestern coast “result in particularly complex wave conditions.”“We are pleased that the ship tunnel now becomes reality,” Solvik-Olsen said, adding that travel time between Norwegian cities and towns in the area would be reduced. Over the years, plans for a ship tunnel in Stad had been floated but now a project with a financing is ready, he said.More news: Can you guess the one and only hotel company to rank on Indeed’s Top Workplaces in Canada list?The tunnel is expected to be located at the narrowest point of the Stadlandet peninsula and the weather has for decades been considered an obstacle for shipping.Project manager Terje Andreassen said engineers will have to blast out an estimated eight million tons of rock to build the tunnel. Construction is expected to start at the earliest in 2019.Under the plan, passenger traffic will be given priority but leisure boats and other vessels can also use the tunnel. It will be free of charge for vessels measuring less than 70 metres, and vessels longer than that would have to be led.Vessels sailing through the tunnel likely will get slot times from a traffic centre – like planes at an airport – to avoid congestion.
No related posts. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on Tuesday confirmed they will issue a $1.6 million donation to Costa Rica over the next two years.FAO Director General Jose Graziano da Silva made the announcement in Rome, following a meeting with President Laura Chinchilla and ministers Gloria Abraham (Agriculture) and Enrique Castillo (Foreign).Abraham said the amount will be used to implement programs for small farmers. “We are very grateful to FAO for this cooperation. We will make the most of this money by implementing projects in areas such as climate-change mitigation in agriculture, innovation and technology development, and in developing marketing tools for small producers,” she said.During the meeting, Chinchilla extended an invitation to Graziano to host “World Food Day” celebrations in Costa Rica next October.Chinchilla is traveling in Europe through Thursday to promote cooperation and to attract investment. Facebook Comments
SMC Conference & Function Centre (SMC) has won the hotly contested Sydney region in the NSW Business Chamber Business Awards 2015 for ‘Excellence in Sustainability’.The Business Awards, run by the NSW Business Chamber, recognise and celebrate business excellence across NSW.Located in the Sydney CBD, SMC took out the top honour amongst tough competition and will now go on to the final round of the awards at the NSW Gala, where the venue will be vying to be crowned the state winner.Scott Cooper, Director of Sales, SMC, was thrilled with the accolade, which applauds both the venue’s commitment to sustainability and the hard work of the forward-thinking team.SMC general manager Ken Taylor with the ‘Excellence in Sustainability’ Award“Sustainability is crucial to the operation of SMC, and this award win demonstrates that green-friendly policies are becoming a business essential,” said Mr Cooper.“It’s something that our clients expect in a venue, and delivering maximum service with minimal impact on the environment is something we work towards every day.”In addition to the business benefits of embracing an ethos that led to the win, Mr Cooper reflects on the advantages to SMC’s clients and team.“A sign of the seamless integration of our green policies is that often our clients don’t even notice the improvements – but when they do, they can feel great about their choice of venue,” said Mr Cooper.A unique venue with landmark status, SMC spans over 4,000 square metres with 16 function rooms and five lodge rooms across eight levels, and its architecture and heritage are of merit, being one of Sydney’s most architecturally significant buildings.From ordering only fresh, seasonal local produce for their catering and closely monitoring, auditing and donating excess, to converting all signage from printed collateral over to low energy, electronic posters, SMC strives every day to fulfill its promise to be one of Sydney’s greenest venues, while still delivering an exemplary customer experience.The Sydney Business Award state winners will be announced at a gala dinner on Friday 27 November 2015.Click here for more information on the awards.For more information on SMC and to view their green policy, a number of event case studies and more, please visit the website.Source = SMC Conference & Function Centre